secularization theory essay

under the domination of rational processes of science and under the control of bureaucratic and technological structures whose logic and legitimation is derived from science. Social meaning of religion declines and it becomes personal deal of the believer. We may find examples of ritualism in all the above-mentioned three spheres. Mills goes on to state that the sociological imagination requires a person to think three sorts of questions. Show More, there are many broad topics that are inserted into the main study of Sociology. Wright Mills article, The Sociological Imagination, he states the sociological imagination enables its possessor to understand the larger historical scene in terms of its meaning for the inner life and the external career of a variety of individuals(Mills, 15). What are its essential components, and how are they related to one another? That is why it is impossible to refute the secularization theory by means of, for instance, reference on the Islamic Revolution in Iran. Americans swear allegiance to one nation. 1) After 10 years since the publication of God is dead: secularization in the West, Steve Bruce returned to the topic of secularization in order to response on the objections raised against his theory.

secularization theory essay

Though, sociologists strive to separate religion influence from other factors, some of them essentially influence the peoples views. Till the end of XX century secularization hypothesis was rejected by the number of scientists as it contradicts to the following tendencies: There is still interest in religion and low level of atheism even in the countries with high level of the science and technologies. It tries to divest the world of much of the magic and miracles imbedded in religion. Fundamentally, secularization means the process by which sectors of society are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols (Berger, 1967). Secondly, Christianity becomes more and more secular. The softer version of this hypothesis is that religion would not disappear totally, but it will lose its influence. Even if the political regime was secular, the Iran community could have been whatever, but the industrial liberal democracy. But what if once people could stay without definite help of the state? In such a world, the rational perspective of science becomes a major organizing belief for a secular and increasingly rationalized society. The first is the desacralization of the attitude towards persons and things. How does it differ from the other varieties of social order? The USA Tendencies in the modern religion have not changed since the old times; Secularization in the regions with low level of religiosity is anomaly and caused by unusual social and cultural factors.

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