Contemp Crim Just 21:20123, 2005 OpenUrl Gross S, Jacoby K, Matheson D, et al : Exonerations in the United States, 19J Crim Law Criminol 95:52353, 2005 OpenUrl Borchard EM: Convicting the Innocent: Errors of Criminal Justice. The article concludes with a brief discussion of the implications of empirical research for reducing the number of false confessions and improving the accuracy of confession evidence that is introduced against a defendant at trial. Like the social inuence observed in Milgrams classic obedience studies, this confession is an act of public compliance by a suspect who perceives that the short-term benets of confession outweigh the long-term costs. A paper by Reid and Associates, Inc., the company which patented the Reid technique for interrogation training. After distinguishing between voluntary, compliant, and internalized false confessions, this article suggests that a sequence of three processes is responsible for false confessions and their adverse consequences. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1992 Corwin M: False confessions and tips still flow in Simpson case, crime: Such calls have been common since Lindbergh kidnapping. Harv CR-Cev 32:10557, 1997 OpenUrl Leo R, Richman KD: Mandate the electronic recording of police interrogations. This language of uncertainty is present in all persuaded false confessions. 8, 32 If the entire interrogation is captured on audio or video recording, then it may be possible to trace, step by step, how and when the interrogator implied or suggested the correct answers for the suspect to incorporate into his postadmission narrative. The New York Times, September 20, 2006,.
Leo of the University of San Francisco and Steven.
Drizin of Northwestern University, provides more insights into these problems in the contemporary criminal justice system context.
False Confessions : Causes, Consequences, and Implications A summary.
Frontline interview) of empirical research on false confessions.
9 High-profile crimes, such as the Lindbergh kidnapping in the 1930s, the Black Dahlia murder in the 1940s, and the JonBenet Ramsey and Nicole Brown Simpson murders in the 1990s, tend to attract a large number of voluntary false confessions. tags: Anatomy Physiology Lipid Strong Essays 1275 words (3.6 pages) - There are several assumptions with which I will begin prior to discussing my confession. This phenomenon was dramatically illustrated in the 1989 Central Park jogger case, in which ve New York City teenagers confessed after lengthy interrogations, each claiming he expected to go home afterward. "Conversion of the Jews" deals with converting a boy into someone he has never really seen which was a free thinker which only older people usually. 7 It is important to understand that there are three conceptually distinct psychological processes at work in the production and elicitation of false confessions. The findings from these field studies of aggregated false-confession cases are consistent with those from experiments and public opinion surveys. Like police, prosecutors rarely consider the possibility that an entirely innocent suspect has falsely confessed; some prosecutors are so skeptical of the idea of police-induced false confession that they stubbornly refuse to admit that it occurred, even after DNA evidence has unequivocally established the defendant's. Although many may fit the description, the target may be chosen simply because he happens to be noticed by the police, reported by someone who had seen a police sketch or falsely identified from a mug shot or lineup, or he fits an official profile. Despite his lack of memory, once the suspect is over the line, 21 he is ready for the third and final step in the making of a persuaded false confession: the construction of the postadmission narrative. Accuracy of deception judgments. 8 A suspect's confession sets in motion a seemingly irrefutable presumption of guilt among justice officials, the media, the public, and lay jurors. The contamination of the suspect's postadmission narrative is thus the third mistake in the trilogy of police errors that, cumulatively, lead to the elicitation and construction of a suspect's false confession.